Garg Aviation

how to become a commercial pilot

Ultimate Guide: How to Become a Commercial Pilot

If you’ve always dreamt of being in the cockpit, then becoming a commercial pilot might be the right career choice for you. In this guide, we will walk you through everything you need to know to start your journey towards becoming a commercial pilot, from the mandatory educational qualifications to the required medical certifications and flying hours. We will cover all the steps required to pursue a career in commercial aviation. So, if you’ve ever wondered “how to become a commercial pilot”, this guide is for you.

Definition of a Commercial Pilot 

A commercial pilot is a highly skilled professional who is licensed to fly aircraft for commercial purposes, such as transporting passengers or cargo. They operate in a highly regulated industry and must adhere to strict safety protocols and regulations. So, what is a commercial pilot? They are essentially responsible for safely flying passengers and cargo to their destinations while ensuring a comfortable and enjoyable flight experience.

Commercial pilots are required to have extensive knowledge of aviation, including navigation, meteorology, air traffic control, and aircraft systems. They must also have excellent communication and problem-solving skills, as well as the ability to remain calm and focused under pressure. In addition to piloting skills, commercial pilots must also have a strong understanding of business and customer service, as they often interact with passengers and play a key role in ensuring customer satisfaction.

Roles & Responsibilities of a Commercial Pilot

Commercial pilots have a wide range of responsibilities that go beyond just flying an aircraft from one place to another. Few of the responsibilities are listed below:

1. Flight Planning and Preparation

Commercial pilots are responsible for preparing flight plans, including checking weather conditions, fuel requirements, and aircraft performance. They are also responsible for pre-flight checks of the aircraft to ensure that it is safe for flying.

2. Conducting Flights

Commercial pilots are responsible for operating the aircraft during the flight, including take-off, cruising, and landing. They must follow all the rules and regulations set by the aviation authorities and ensure the safety of the passengers and crew.

3. Communication

Commercial pilots must have excellent communication skills to communicate with air traffic control and ground staff. They must be able to provide accurate information and respond quickly to any emergencies.

4. Maintaining Records

Commercial pilots must maintain records of their flight hours, fuel consumption, and any incidents that occur during the flight. This information is used for safety and operational purposes.

5. Training and Certification

Commercial pilots must undergo extensive training and certification to obtain a commercial pilot license. This includes completing flight hours, passing written and practical exams, and obtaining a medical certificate.

6. Continuous Learning

Commercial pilots must keep up-to-date with the latest aviation technology and regulations. They must undergo regular training to improve their skills and maintain their license.

How to Become a Commercial Pilot

To become a commercial pilot, there are certain commercial pilot requirements that need to be fulfilled. Pilots can start their careers at a very young age. One can obtain a Professional Pilot’s license at the age of 18, or even 17 in some countries. Here are the steps:

Steps to Become a commercial pilot:

1. High School Requirements

Candidates are required to have Physics and Mathematics as compulsory subjects in their High school (10+2) level.These subjects provide the foundation for understanding the principles of flying and aerodynamics.

2. Medical Examination

Mandatory to clear a Class 1 medical examination or equivalent in order to deem fit to fly. A commercial pilot needs to be in good physical and mental health to fly an aircraft safely.

3. Flight Training Organization

Candidates are required to do flying from an authorised Flight Training Organization recognized by the Civil Aviation authority. They need to obtain a minimum number of flying hours to qualify for a commercial pilot’s license.

4. Theory Examinations

Candidates need to clear all the theory examinations appropriate for their license type. They  must pass various theoretical exams on aviation meteorology, navigation, air regulations, technical general, and other technical specific papers. Also, many aspiring pilots find it beneficial to seek assistance with exam preparation, including resources to help them effectively write papers and articulate their understanding of complex aviation concepts.

5. Flying Checks

In addition to the above, it is mandatory to complete all the flying checks before applying for the Commercial Pilot’s License.

6. Career Pathways

Once the license is obtained, candidates can choose two pathways. Either doing Type Rating if she/he is looking forward to joining an Airline, or obtaining an Instructor Rating if She/he is interested in Flight Instruction. Here are all the job opportunities you unlock after obtaining a CPL.

Checklist in Indian Context:

  • Clear DGCA Class 1 medical examination.
  • Clear DGCA theory papers: Aviation Meteorology, Navigation, Air Regulations, Technical General, and other Technical specific papers appropriate for the CPL.
  • Obtain appropriate Radio Licences (RTR and FRTOL).
  • Finished flying from a DGCA recognized Flight Training Organisation.
  • Apply for a Commercial Pilot’s Licence.

Additional Skills Needed To Succeed as a Commercial Pilot

1. Decision-making skills

Commercial pilots must make quick, accurate decisions in high-pressure situations, often with limited information.

2. Attention to detail

Commercial pilots must be meticulous in their pre-flight checks and planning, as well as during actual flight operations, to ensure the safety of passengers and crew.

3. Communication skills

Good communication is essential for commercial pilots, both with air traffic control and other crew members.

4. Time management

Commercial pilots must manage their time effectively to ensure that flights are on schedule and all necessary tasks are completed.

How Garg Aviation can help You Become A Commercial Pilot?

Garg Aviation offers a comprehensive pilot training program that covers all the necessary requirements to become a successful commercial pilot. They provide ground school training and flight training in state-of-the-art aircraft with experienced instructors. Garg Aviation’s training program also includes soft skills training to help pilots develop the necessary communication, leadership, and teamwork skills. They offer personalised attention and support to each student to ensure they receive the best possible training. 


Becoming a successful commercial pilot requires a combination of education, training, and experience, and offers a challenging and rewarding career path. By following the steps outlined above and continuously honing your skills, you can achieve your goal of becoming a commercial pilot. If you have any questions or comments about how to become a commercial pilot, please feel free to share them below. We would love to hear about your experiences and help you in achieving your aviation goals. Remember, with determination and hard work, the sky’s the limit in pursuing your dreams of becoming a commercial pilot.

Frequently Asked Questions

Do you have a passion for flying and want to pursue a career as a commercial pilot? Here are some common questions related to commercial pilot requirements.

1. Is it difficult to become a commercial pilot?

Yes, becoming a commercial pilot is a challenging process that requires dedication, hard work, and financial resources.

2. How can I become a commercial pilot after 12th?

To become a commercial pilot after 12th, one must meet the prerequisites, including having Physics and Mathematics as compulsory subjects, obtaining a Class 1 medical certificate, and completing flight training from a recognized Flight Training Organization.

3. Can I become a commercial pilot at 50?

While there is no maximum age limit to become a commercial pilot, most airlines have age restrictions for new hires, typically between the ages of 18-35.

4. What are the prerequisites for becoming a commercial pilot?

The prerequisites for becoming a commercial pilot include having a high school diploma or equivalent, meeting the age and medical requirements, completing flight training from a recognized Flight Training Organization, and passing the required theory exams.

5. Is a CPL necessary to work as a commercial pilot?

Yes, a Commercial Pilot License (CPL) is necessary to work as a commercial pilot in most countries, as it allows pilots to fly for compensation or hire.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *